The Estonian alphabet is used for writing the Estonian language and is based on the Latin alphabet, but with German influence. The oblique letters are the so-called "foreign letters" (or võõrtähed). The letters F, Š, Z and Ž occur only in loanwords and foreign names. C, Q, W, X and Y do not occur in Estonian words, but are used in writing foreign names.
In Blackletter Gothic script the letter W was used instead of the letter V. Otto Wilhelm Masing added the Õ (an O with tilde), to the alphabet in the 19th century to stand for the vowel [ɤ] and Johannes Aavik ensured that the letter Ü be replaced by the letter Y, as it has been in the Finnish alphabet.
Including also the so called "foreign letters", alphabet consists of the following 32 letters:
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, Š, Z, Ž, T, U, V, W, Õ, Ä, Ö, Ü, X, Y