Riga Maxima supermarket collapse

Rescue efforts 2 days after the supermarket roof collapsed.

Maxima Riga 1

Candles and flowers in memory of the victims. The rubble can be seen in the background.

Background eventsEdit

It was planned that there would be a 'green roof' ecology project on the supermarket's roof. A intended layer of topsoil 20–30 centimeters (7.9–12 in) thick on the roof; small recreational spots with benches, connected by cobblestone-paved paths, were planned for the resident of an apartment house that was part of the same complex. The combined garden and local outdoor recreational park was being built on the supermarket's as yet only partly constructed roof as of November 2013. The construction of an underground car parking in the basement, intended for residents of the building, was also underway at the time.

The building's plans had been contractually developed by KUBS Ltd and further developed and overseen by Homburg Valda (AKA- The Homburg Group). It cost around €1.4 million, with 1.16 million euros (812,000 lats) coming from Re&Re its self, which it expected expected to recover within seven to eight years, then said Maxima (Latvia)'s corporate leader Gintaras Jasinski.

The building it's selfEdit

Riga's local media had stated on November 22nd that the building, which was rented from the Latvian construction company RE&RE, had been awarded a national architecture prize after its completion in 2011. According to a press release by Re&Re that was issued on November the 25th, the Maxima store had opened in 2011 and was named one of the top 3 Latvian national architectural works of merit.

Official building stats.
Statistic. Attribute.
Number of architectural awards it received. 3, including the Latvian Building of the Year award.
Completion date- 3rd of November 2011.
Architectural designers- Zane Kalinka and Andris Kalinka.
Architectural designer’s firm- KUBS Ltd
Rented by- Maxima Group.
Building usage- As a supermarket, a bank, a beauty shop, a currency exchange post, a newsagent's shop and a pet shop.
Design developed by- Homburg Valda
Project cost- €1.4 million
Built by- RE&RE.
Biulding area- 4,750 m2 (51,100 sq ft).
Legaly owned by- SIA Tineo Ltd.
Other firms involved in building supplies, logistics, communications, labour recruitment, publicity, CGI, mapping, administration, litigation, planning, finances and so on. Vikom Industry Ltd and Eurobolts SIA.

The companies involved Edit

The 21 year old Maxima Group supermarket chain is a Lithuanian retail chain with shops in all three Baltic states, Poland and Bulgaria. There were recent plans to set up a few outlets in near by places in Russia. The shopping centre was located in a part of the building owned by SIA Tineo, but it was originally owned by The Homburg Group, which still owns the adjacent apartment building. The building was rented from the constructors RE&RE and was planned out by KUBS Ltd., overseen by The Homburg Group and legaly owned by SIA Tineo. The firm SIA Tineo is an offshore company that is owned by the Maxima group. The company also initially claimed it was a tenant of the building. 

The part of the building that has now collapsed is owned by SIA Tineo, but originally was owned by The Homburg Group, which still owns the adjacent apartment building, which is still standing and undamaged.

Representatives from Re&Re" architect office KUBS Ltd., and construction supervisory authorities were also quickly at the scene on Nov 21st.

The disasterEdit

The background to the disasterEdit

A fire had occurred several months earlier, but nobody was injured. The “green roof”, only part of which had been constructed, It was planned to have a layer of topsoil 20–30 centimeters (7.9–12 in) and other related stuff on it. Re&Re were doing minor construction work in the store and building and an unidentified firm was building the underground car-park.

The event its selfEdit

Riga's new Maxima supermarket in the Zolitūde district's Priedaines street started to collapse at about 16:20 UTC on November 21st, 2013, as rain collected in a partly built roof garden. It was planned that it would have a layer of soil 20–30 centimeters (7.9–12 in) thick on the roof.

According to witnesses accounts a fire alarm was set off and there were announcements made that the store should be evacuated at 14:21 UTC. Shortly afterward, security personnel canceled the alert and blamed welding works in the basement, which was not possible due to the nature of the fire alarm according to its manufacturer. The company's spokesman said that dust probably did not set it off, because it was situated in the basement by water pipes. It was never resolved by the firm's technician due to the sores subsequent collapse.

About 15 minutes later, a loud bang was heard and water began flowing from a broken minor overhead fire sprinkler pipe.

According to some reports, shortly afterwards, the smaller shops in the retail centre, unlike Maxima, were evacuated and closed.

At 15:41 UTC both the store's CCTV cameras and eyewitness noticed the collapsing roof over the checkout counters, especially over counters 6, 7 and 8.

Suddenly the electrically operated glass doors also slammed shut and locked in-situe, but not shattering the glass panes with in them as some initial reports claimed, as the first section of the roof caved. Energy consultant and whitness, Ērika Jūlija Beča, said on late on Nov' 23rd, that the panes shattered as the rubble fell in to the store and/or some people broke there way out though them.

About 20 minutes later another part of the roof caved in killing 3 firemen who had just joined the rescue effort. Sections of the wall had continued to collapse during the evening, further disrupting ongoing rescue efforts. Witnesses had reported that the roof collapsed over the checkout counters. Latvian television and radio also reported that the roof also had collapsed over the dairy products and fish sections at about 16:20 UTC. A second collapsed at 17:04 UTC, thus trapping several firefighters. Representatives from Re&Re" architect office KUBS Ltd., and construction supervisory authorities were also quickly at the scene on Nov 21st.

The city's rescue services believed, as of 19.30 UTC on November 22nd, that a total of about 500sq m (5,300sq ft) of roof caved in.

The 27 year old British pilot Paul Tribble, was shopping in the store and survived the incident. The middle aged German tourist Kurt Heim, also narrowly escaped as he exited in to the car park a few minuets earlier and thus also survived the collapse.

The Maxima board member Gintaras Jasinskas had told the AFP news agency on Nov' 22 that 30 employees were in the store at the time of the original collapse.

The store became a 1,500 square meter (16,150 square feet) large pile of rubble.

Another fireman reportedly injured by a minor colapse as he was clearing rubble in the early hours of Nov' 23. A 4th collapse also occurred at 15:52 on Nov' 23rd due to earlier damage to supporting structures, but no one was harmed by it.

Marcis Liors Skadmanis, who is chairman of the Latvian-British Chamber of Commerce had both his father and 23 year old sister were killed in event. He said that the accident was a horrific national tragedy and brought suffering to many families on Nov' 25th.

The developer of the adjacent apartment building put an order out that postponed any additional construction work on it, although the apartment building itself was not damaged or endangered in the incident.

The rescue effortEdit

40 Latvian troops and some bulldozers from the Ādaži military camp in Vidzeme Region (Livonian: Vidumō) joined in the rescue efforts in the evening of Nov' 22nd. The deputy head of rescue services, Normunds Plegermanis, had said emergency teams were faced difficult working conditions early that day.

Rescue Service spokeswoman Viktorija Sembele said in the afternoon of Nov 23rd that "The fire fighters are still working to find people. They are putting away the constructions and still approximately 600 square meters of this collapsed area should be searched through.".

Rescue co-coordinators stated late on Nov' 23rd that “Rescue teams are working in shifts replacing each other every 20-30 minutes as the [rescue] work is physically challenging.".

After the second collapse, only five firefighters were reportedly allowed to inside at a time. Rescuers use at least one silent period was used to listen for signs of life among the rubble, such as groaning but they only some cell phones ringing.

Riga Mayor Nils Usakovs ordered and official investigation and tweeted that around five people might be still trapped, but rescue teams reckoned it was or 16 by 18.00 UTC on Nov' 22rd.

Local ambulance chief Armands Plorins warned on the afternoon of Nov' 23rd that a combination of the cold, damp and the passage of time would slowly reduce chances of survival, but added "But, of course, hope always remains." Police helped rescuers by created a map based on data taken from security cameras that were showing where the shoppers located at during the tragic collapse. A official representative of the paramedics at the site said to press that the 7 missing people were either unaccounted for or dead and buried under the rubble. It was stated that the corpses found earlier were do badly damaged that anyone that was not found was almost certainly dead due to their catastrophic injures by this time.

The public heeded the call by local hospitals for blood donors, prospective donors waited in a long line at the blood donor centre on the Friday morning and, after about an hour, the centre tweeted its thanks for the overwhelming response and that it had met its collection goals.

The rescue operation were officially ended about 17:00 UTC November 23rd, because of a third structural collapse had just occurred and thus fatally compromised the structural integrity of the roof.

The rescue was restarted in the afternoon of Nov' 24th after officials had consulted building experts.

The last parts rescue operation were finally wound down in the evening of Nov' 25th. No more bodies were found and the 7 missing people were found to have escaped the building earlier.

A total of 557 search and rescue personnel, including 40 soldiers, had taken part in the rescue operations.

The hospitals involvedEdit

Both blood donors and prospective donors turned up on mass at the blood donor centre on the morning of Nov' 22 and about an hour later, the donation centre tweeted its thanks and said it had successfully collected enough blood to replenish the local hospital's stocks.

Overseas aidEdit

Russia, Estonia and Lithuania all offered rescue teams and equipment to assistance local rescuers, but Latvia declined.

The possible causesEdit

Official prognosisEdit

Latvia's Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis, who visited the scene on Nov' 22nd, said: "The criminal process has started about violating building standards."

Later Latvia's Interior Minister Rihards Kozlovskis stated to Latvian TV that it was “It is clear that there has been a problem with fulfillment of construction requirements,” to him that there there had been a problem concerning the lack of obedience to building regulations.

The owner of the company HND Grupa which was responsible for the building's construction, Ivars Sergets, said on Nov 22nd the collapse may have been caused by an overload by too much stuff or building materials being put on to weaker parts of the roof.

The Estonian construction and structural engineer, Toomas Kaljas, came up with the properstion that connections between the horizontal bars that held the roof in suite were inadequately designed and were not up to the job in hand on November 24th.

Toomas Kaljas had tested some nuts on December 2nd, which were built to meet DIN-934 standard, but this was not strong enough for the job in hand. He claimed that they were readily available in any Latvian hardware store. He said a possible solution would have been to either get stronger nuts; or two of them on the end of the same bolt, thus reducing the load on the individual nuts in question. He thought building's designer should have either issued a standard for the required nuts, or if they did not, then the builders should have asked them for it. He has stated that he thinks that all public buildings that use these grade of bolts should get additional nuts fitted to them. He also said that the horizontal trusses were poorly designed, thus causing 2 sudden partial roof collapses rather than a slow inward roof collapse He claimed to work for a major Finnish firm, but dose not say who that is.

Latvian state police called in question competence of Toomas Kaljas stating that he was not able to produce his official industrial credentials is also officially speculated to be connected with Vikom Industry by December 12th, despite of his denials.

According to Maxima staff and contractors on Nov' 24th, the building had been dangerously unstable for about a year, the storage lockers were flooded out at one point and that fine dust had fooled the fire alarm in to thinking it was detecting smoke.

The construction workers said that that had built the site had told Maxima that the foundation was cracked and needed to be reinforced. They had added extra support columns under the ceiling of the storage room, which mad at one point compleatly flooded out along with the staff locker. The fire alarm was frequently going off without good cause to do so.

Lilita Ozola, an engineer teaching at Latvian University of Agriculture, blamed the trusses and said the builders should have got planning permission to add the new design and/or the roof garden on Nov' 26th.

Vilis Students, the current vice director of the Latvian Fire Safety and Civil Defence College and who participated in the rescue work said that the concrete components seemed to be unexpectedly fragile. He also quoted on Nov' 25th "I am no specialist, but we could break the roof components with hammers and pliers. During exercises with concrete objects, we usually had to use a jackhammer."

The screws and bolts theat Toomas Kaljas had in question were algidly listed as being requiered to reach the DIN-934 standard, whic his a DIN (Deutch Industrie Norm) standard grading for Hexagon 'female' nuts with metric coarse and fine pitch thread - Product classes A and B. They are used with 'male' screws or bolts.  

Public opinionEdit

Local resident Gatis Smagars blamed "Bags of soil and cobblestones piled on [the] roof" during a BBC report on Nov 21st.

Media speculationEdit

Media and expert opinion have leaned towards blaming lax observance and enforcement of the building codes and government budget cuts.

The conspiracy theoriesEdit

The Latvian state terrorism plot theory.Edit

Some Latvian, Polish and Russian forum groups and blog sites blamed Latvian state terrorism. The theory hangs on the following assumptions and suspicious circumstance surrounding it-

The suspicious circumstances.Edit

  1. The supposed 'attack' took place in the main Latvian nationalist week, after November 18th, when the Latvian government and people have a higher tendency to annoy ethnic Russians.
  2. The 'attack' happened in Zolitūde, the area of Riga where the most Russians live.
  3. The 'attack' happened, not in the store was empty during middle of the night, but at 14:00 UTC, when the store was at its busiest.
  4. Some people at the time of the 'attack' reported hearing an explosion in the building, but some also say they heard the roof cracking apart at this time.
  5. The Latvian government refused help from foreign governments, especially Russians, which gave the impression that they had something to hide.
  6. The Latvian government had ordered the scene cleaned up as quickly as possible after the rescue effort was over and did not investigate the debris more closely before binning it.
  7. Despite of it being a small (but tragic) incident, the prime minister of Latvia resigned just after a meeting with the president. It was speculated at the time by some he may have go in to psychological shock and cracked up, been scapegoated or had taken all the political responsibility on to his solders.

As of December 19th, the was no official, political, legal corporate or media support for this theory. There is, as far as can be assumed, also little public support for it either.

The supposed Latvian political intrigueEdit

The highly unconventional, highly speculative and as yet totally unproven theory holds that Latvian government, which has long wanted rid of its Russian inhabitants, planned the alleged 'attack'. It was done, in theory, by placing a small amount of explosives at key points on the roof timed to explode at a time when the store was at its fullest with the he building work gave perfect tactical cover for the supposed secret agents and there mission. Because the 'attack' happened without the knowledge of the President, it is held that he was in the dark about it and was innocent of any wrong doing.

The theory then also states that the Latvian government thought he would just go along with it, even if he did find out what was going on. However the President alegidly did find out, became concerned about the situation, summoned the Prime Minister to a official meting, told him that he knew about everything. He then allegedly blackmailed Prime Minister Dumbrovskis, threatening to expose the plot unless Prime Minister Dumbrovskis resigned from his job and allowed President Berzsins to appoint a new disposable puppet Prime Minister, who he could also (so the theory goes) blackmail into doing his political bidding for him!

As yet this all seams to be little more than paranoia and political rivalry mixed with a vivid imagination and inevitable fears of political sleaze, not a real event!

Russian government plot ideasEdit

There are a few Polish, Latvian and Ukrainian users that maintain the counter theory that the Russians sabotaged the building during construction to help undermine Latvia's long turm economic and political future. This is another yet to be proven and is only a theory as of December 19th.

Maxima/Eurobolts corporate plot ideasEdit

Some also apparently thought that Maxima and Eurobolts were running a bit of a joint cover-up and blaming both KUBS Ltd.and Re&Re for all the building's problems, when they were all cutting corners and taking-kick backs as a whole. This also is yet to be proven and is only a theory as of December 19th.

The aftermathEdit

Shortly after the collapse several building and structural engineering experts cited abolishing state building inspection service and structural safety standards as part of a ill conceived EU enforced 2009 budget cut.

Political falloutEdit

Shortly after the collapse several building and structural engineering experts cited abolishing state building inspection service and structural safety standards as part of an ill concived EU enforced 2009 budget cut during the global economic crisis of 2008-2012. It was done under the the government of Valdis Dombrovskis and mayor of Riga Nils Ušakovs, who as a member of the Saeima Party, voted for it in parliament. Nils Ušakovs also ordered the inspection of all building projects carried out in Latvia by the firm Re&Re.

A criminal investigation was launched late on Nov' 21st and a day of national morning was declared. Some local officials have indicated that the roof garden was possibly illegal and put extra stress on the roof.

The Mayor of Riga, Nils Usakovs, abandoned his holiday and returned to Riga on Nov' 22nd. He gave an order on November 22nd that safety officials to inspect all building projects carried out by RE&RE.

There was were 3 days of morning in Latvia and 1 day in Estonia and Lithuanian starting on the 23rd.

Latvian Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis said To reporters "This tragic event has shocked the nation, it is unspeakable loss to the families of the victims and the entire state," Nov' 25th. He pledged to investigate the incident thoroughly and to punish those who were responsible for it taking place.

Latvian President, Andris Bērziņš also told reporters the tragedy was an act of "mass murder", "murder of defenseless people" and that the "perpetrators should be arrested" on Nov 25th. He then ordered an independent equerry by industry experts.

Latvia’s president stated that the collapse was a Later The BBC’s Riga correspondent then reported that he wanted an overseas investigation “led by independent investigators from abroad - implying that powerful business interests in Latvia are too closely entwined with politics to ensure a fair and honest investigation.".

The Latvian prime minister, Valdis Dombrovskis, had resigned from his job on Nov’ 27, and took overall responsibility for the incident. He had been considering after the tragic event had unflolded and had made a finaly made up his mind after a meeting with the Latvian president, but denied the president had told him to quit his job or had sacked him. There have been calls for Rega’s mayor also to step down from his political office due to reports about his involvement in the affair.

Corporate falloutEdit

Re&Re is cooperating with all investigating authorities and handed all the necessary information and documents connected to the collapsed shopping mall to the authorities in the evening of November 21st.

Vikom Industry, who had manufactured and installed structural steel member distributor trusses agreed to help the official enquiery on Nov 22nd and present it’s manufacturer's certificate for the bolts that it had bought from Eurobolts on February 3, 2011, for LVL 290,. They asked Eurobolts for further certification about the bolts in question as Eurobolts owner and CEO Olga Romanova did no present any new information about the bolts.

Olga Romanova later told the LETA news agency “I do not know for what purpose these bolts were bought by Vikom Industry, because I have 300 customers and no one ever tells me why they buy screws – they simply provide the necessary size and strength degree. The manufacturer's certificate has been requested for this specific party in question, although we do not have to provide such certificates under the law – a statement of conformity is usually enough,” and “The quantity was not large – 32 size 16 bolts, and size 20 bolts of various length, the quantity of which I do not remember,” . She also claimed only to know that Vikom Industry had chosen to buy bolts in sizes 16 and 20 with 8th degree of physical strength on February 3, 2011.

Both Re&Re and Maxima offered their official sympathies and apologies on the for the 21/11/2013 Riga supermarket roof collapse 23rd.

Maxima agreed to pay compensation to the victims and families of the dead on Nov' 24th and promised a full inspection of all its stores on Nov' 25th.

Re&Re was collaborating with the Latvian Welfare Ministry to provide long-term support for the treatment of both the rescuers injured on Nov 25th as part of an attempt to prevent the situation getting any worse.

It had requested the independent construction engineering company Arup Group Limited and British construction company BRE Global to carry out independent examinations of the construction materials and construction elements at the Maxima supermarket. The Latvian Independent construction expert, Aldis Grasmanis, was also been hired to help Arup Group Limited, BRE Global and Re&Re engineers do there checks.

Re&Re is also conducted an extraordinary audit at all sites where Re&Re had been performing construction, reconstruction and/or restoration work on up to Nov 25th- The new Administrative complex of the State Revenue Service,

  1. Dzintari Concert Hall,
  2. National Museum of Art,
  3. Rezekne Higher Education Institution,
  4. Several apartment buildings in Riga's Imanta district,
  5. Riga Eastern Clinical University Hospital's "Gailezers" clinic.

Vladislavs Podgurskis, a representative of Vikom Industry Ltd, provisionally blamed the bolts joining the trusses together on the 25th. Vikom Industry request data on the bolts from the supplier on the 25th, Eurobolts, but they had none. The owner and CEO of Eurobolts, Olga Romanova, said on Nov' 26th that the company had no information on the bolts used and that the bolts had pulled out of the cement rater than breaking off.

Vilis Students, the current vice director of the Latvian Fire Safety and Civil Defence College and who participated in the rescue work said that the concrete components seemed to be unexpectedly fragile. He also quoted on Nov' 25th "I am no specialist, but we could break the roof components with hammers and pliers. During exercises with concrete objects, we usually had to use a jackhammer."

In a a statement on Nov' 25th by a press representative of the architect bureau that designed the building, KUBS Ltd. They indicate that suspect metal joint components were supplied by the company Vikom Industry. That day Re&Re suggested that the engineering firm Arrup Group could do an independent investigation of the firm if they felt up to it and every on else was willing for it to happen.

An inspection by the Riga City Construction Authority speared on it’s website during the Nov' 27th stating that only 3 sites were acting contery to the law and that their wrongfulness was to with official paperwork, not building integrity or workers' safety issues.

Latvian state police called in question competence of Toomas Kaljas stating that he was not able to produce his official industrial credentials is also officially speculated to be connected with Vikom Industry by December 12th, despite of his denials.

Local Maxima staff also stated on the 25th that the building had been dangerously unstable for about a year and that the construction workers who had built it had told them that the foundation was cracked and needed structural reinforcement.

An incident had lead to the storage room and store workers' locker room beeing completely flooded out to there disgust. There had also been extra support columns under the ceiling of the same storage room, but they had been illegally removed at a later date.

The fire alarm was sounding so frequently it was ignored as shop staff believed that the only reason for the alarm going off was that it was a obsolete unit and could not distinguish smoke from dust. The workers did not want to testify about this in front of a camera or in a court of law because they feared Maxima would sack them for speaking out about it.

The CEO of Maxima Latvija, Gintaras Jasinskas, when asked if he had considered stepping down by journalists he replied "Why? Those who feel guilty should step down. I can look people in the eye". Several Latvian politicians protested in parliament and the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs called the Lithuanian ambassador to express official condemnation of the COE's bragging. Gintaras Jasinskas then was sacked and the Lithuanian goverment expressed regret over his actions.

Public opinionEdit

A public floral shrine made of flowers donated by the public was created within hours of the accident occurring.

Maxima stores were soon boycotted due a mixture of anger after the event its self and relating to other earlier reports about corporate exploitation of thire workforce and poor product quality levels. There were some other protests over these issues in Lithuania at the same time.

Rega's mayor Nils Ušakovs said on Nov' 23rd that a law would be passed on Nov’ 27th stating that the Maxima building was to be knocked down and replaced with public a memorial dedicated to the catastrophe.

Legal fall out and fiscal compensation claimsEdit

Latvia's Interior Ministry said the families of the 3 dead firefighters would receive 50,000 LVL ($95,600) in mortality compensation. The medical and pyciatric treatment for rescue workers injured in rescue would would also be paid for by the government.

Maxima agreed to pay compensation to the victims and families of the dead on Nov' 24th and promised a full inspection of all its stores on Nov' 25th.

Both Ivars Sergets, who alleged to have worked as the civil engineer on the supermarket and Andris Gulbis, who worked as the construction expert on the project in his capacity as a board member at the Latvian architectural firm GP Projektu Birojs He is also the majority shair owner (70.29%) Riga Zemgale District Court is handling the case. Latvia's Prosecutor General, Eriks Kalnmeiers, has said that more people will be arrested as part of the investigation. During an interview with the LNT show Rita Panorama this morning, Kalnmeiers said he reconed there would be more arrests, but did not name suspetcs.

Media interestEdit

['s] "disposable list" group inspected 12 recent construction sites included the Latvian State Revenue Service of the Republic, clinics Gaiļezers Hospital, the Latvian National Museum of Art building in Riga, Krišjāņa Valdemāra 10A, and the then 'multifunctional' Center Acropolis on Nov 27th.

The final death and injury tollsEdit

It is apparently worst disaster in Latvia since the 1950 sinking of the Soviet steamer Mayakovsky in Riga which resulted in the deaths of 147 people. The Leta news agency said it was known to be more delay than a fire at a Latvian nursing home in 2007 which had killed 25 people.

The city's rescue confirmed in the morning of Nov 24 that 36 people were injured, of which 27 are being treated in hospital. They reckoned that there were 7 people still unaccounted for. They also confirmed that there were 54 are deaths (51 Latvians, 2 Russians and 1 Armenian), but only 47 were confirmed to be deceased as of 14.30 UTC on November 24th. It was confirmed by local authrties that 3 were unijered, 3 slightly wounded and another 39 were injured and received medical attention as of Nov' 27.

The funerals for the 3 slain Latvian State Fire and Rescue Service officers are to be held on Wed, Nov' 27th.


The list of the deceased has been officially was published by the Latvian State Police.[1],[2]

Latvian deadEdit

  • Aldis Petruņins,
  • Andrejs Burvis,
  • Anna Bondarenko,
  • Daina Skadmane,
  • Dāvids Indriksons,
  • Edgars Reinfelds,
  • Edvīns Bonus,
  • Elga Gruzde,
  • Ēriks Čerņenoks,
  • Gaļina Fadejeva,
  • Iļja Bļinovs,
  • Ina Skrinda,
  • Jānis Skadmanis,
  • Jeļena Jesipenko,
  • Jeļena Petrovska,
  • Jūlija Burdukeviča,
  • Juris Gutāns,
  • Larisa Gutāne,
  • Leonija Apsīte,
  • Ļubova Koževņikova,
  • Ludmila Ciba,
  • Marina Hitruka,
  • Mihails Jesipenko,
  • Mihails Teuss,
  • Nadežda Tračuma,
  • Natalja Igumnova,
  • Nikolajs Novikovs,
  • Ņina Malaja,
  • Olga Poluhina,
  • Pavlo Ničiporenko,
  • Raisa Tihonova,
  • Sandra Arabela,
  • Santa Pavelko,
  • Sergejs Ižiks,
  • Svetlana Kirillova,
  • Svetlana Ļeha,
  • Svetlana Mičuna,
  • Tamāra Aleksandrova,
  • Tamāra Guseva,
  • Tatjana Ivčenko,
  • Valentīna Beļakova,
  • Valentīna Troicka,
  • Valērijs Mizula,
  • Vera Meļihova,
  • Vera Teusa,
  • Viktorija Smirnova,
  • Viktorija Vovka,
  • Vilnis Šteinītis,
  • Violeta Piņķe,
  • Žanete Zarečanska,
  • Žanna Atarinova,

Russian deadEdit

  • Jurijs  Aksjutins, 
  •  Rita Zhilinauskas.

Armenian deadEdit

  • Naira Grigorjan. 

Offcial acts of mourningEdit

.International reactions and condolencesEdit

  • President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso,
  • Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan,
  • Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves,
  • Finnish President Sauli Niinistö,
  • The Pope,
  • Apostolic Nuncio to the Baltic countries Luigi Bonaci and Pope Francis,
  • The President of Lithuania,
  • The Prime minister and Seimas of Lithuania,  
  • President Vladimir Putin,
  • Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt,
  • The Turkish President Abdullah Gül sent their condolences To Latvia.
  • Latvia sent condolences to the family of the dead Arminian and the families of the 2 dead Russians. 
  • Lithuania and Estonia declared a day of mourning on 24 November. 

Latvian acts of mourningEdit

The Latvian president stated that the Saturday, Sunday and Monday immediately following the disaster would be days of mourning and sent condolences to Armenia because of the death of one of its citizens.

The Latvian Wikipedia turned it's logo black. Several other Latvian websites, including the KUBS Ltd., put up black tinted pages and images of candles and ribbons, or put up banners expressing their sorrow and condolences.

A black ribbon was also superimposed over the logo of Latvijas Televīzija during their broadcasts as well as worn by anchormen and anchorwomen. They and other television channels, along with the news website Delfi removed all adverts for three days.

Maxima ordered that all its stores in the Baltic States to observe a period of mourning for three days, during which Christmas decorations would not be lit and the silly seasonal would not be played. It also stopped all its advertising and put up a official mourning page on it's website. Non the less many Latvians were upset that Maxima commercials were still being broadcast on Thursday evening and Friday morning despite the tragedy.

Many sports and cultural events, including the Spēlmaņu Nakts Annual Award Ceremony were cancelled.

The Latvian Minister of Culture called for cultural organizations, including art and music schools, to consider carefully what events would be appropriate in the circumstances and to cancel any that were too rowdy or commercial.

In almost all Latvian embassies, people were allowed to write their names in condolence books and the local churches welcomed people to pray for the victims of the tragedy.

Representatives of Maxima Latvia expressed condolences to the families of the deceased on the Nov' 23rd. After an emergency meeting on Nov' 24th, the board of Maxima promised that inspections would be carried out on all Maxima stores across the Baltic States on Nov' 25th agreed to pay compensation to the victims and families of the dead on November 24th, 2013.

The Mayor of Riga Nils Ušakovs said that the Maxima building would be demolished and have a memorial built in its place on the 23rd of December November, 2013. The Riga City Council Property Department director Oleg Burov offered his condolences to.

Charity workEdit

A charity drive to help the injured and families of victims was started, which ran for about a month, collecting 948,263.46 lats by 28 December 2013.

Riga municipality, Riga City Council Property Department director Oleg Burov and SIA Tineo board member Ilona Gobīte signed a financial and property donation agreement for most of the property on July 3, 2015; which was honored on July 31.


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A list of other earlier colapse casesEdit

Other related incidents.
Event. Nation. Date. Dead. Injered. Cause. link.
2nd South Africa Tanggaat mall collapse RSA 21/10/2013 2 29 Under investigation. [3]
A Durban office collapses RSA 20/10/2013 1 3 Under investigation.
Verulam, Durban veranda collapse RSA 10/9/2013 2 0 N/A [4]
A Mumbai tower block collapse India 29/8/2013 60 N/A Illegal floors added to the top of it. [5]
Brazil building collapse Brazil 28/8/2013 8 25 N/A [6]
An Alexandria building collapse Egypt 28/8/2013 2 0 Poor construction [7]
The 2013 Savar building collapse. Bangladesh 24/4/2013 1,129 2,515 Poor construction (?) [8]
2013 Thane building collapse. India. 4/4/2013 74 N/A 150 people were living in a poorly built and still incomplete housing block that was only fit for 50 people to use at the time. [9]
A partly biult Taganrog apartment bock colapse. Russia 13/12/2012 5 12 N/A [10]
1st South Africa Tanggaat mall collapse RSA 29/10/2012 2 29 [11]
A supermarket roof collapsed in western Argentina, Argentina 27/10/2012 3 18 N/A [12]
The Partial Lutsk Building Cave In Ukraine 06/10/12 2 0 N/A [13]
A Durban House collapse. RSA 4/3/2012 0 1 [14]
Little Falls, Johannesburg house collapsed RSA 21/1/2011 0 3 [15]
An Alexandria. tower block collapse. Egypt 16/1/2012 24 12 Poor construction [16]
Donelan's Supermarket collapse USA 2/2/ 2011 0 0
Winterveldt, Pretoria house collapse RSA 10/1/2011 1 0 Flooding [17]
Mamelodi, Pretoria wall collapse RSA


1 0 Flooding [18]
Jaya Supermarket collapse Indonesia 28/5/2009 0 N/A
Chorzów / Katowice Trade Hall roof collapse. Poland 28/1/2006 65 170 Snow on the roof (?) and/or poor desinge (?) [19]
Bad Reichenhall Ice Rink roof collapse. Germany 2/1/2006 0 0 Snow on the roof [20]

The Sampoong Department Store collapse. S. Korea 29/6/1995 502 937
1988 Burnaby Supermarket Rooftop Parking Deck Collapse. Canada 16/4/1988 0 21 [21]
The Pemberton Mill USA 10/1/1860 156 166 De-facto poor consruction due to lack of knolage over newly developed heavy factory machineary. [22]
Circus Maximus Upper Tier Collapse. Roman Empier 140 AD 1,112 N/A Bad luck [23]
21/11/2013 Riga supermarket roof collapse Latvia 2013 47 39 N/A [24] [25] [26][27][28][29][30][31] [32]



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  26. [1]
  27. [2]